In this post we will install the latest version of PostgreSQL using the yum package manager.
When PostgreSQL receives a connection request it will check the pg_hba.conf file to verify that the machine from which the application is requesting a connection has rights to connect to the specified database. If the machine requesting access has permission to connect, PostgreSQL will check the conditions that the application must meet in order to successfully authenticate. This affects connections that are initiated locally as well as remotely.
PostgreSQL will check the authentication method via the pg_hba.conf for every connection request. This check is performed every time a new connection is requested from the PostgreSQL server, so there is no need to re-start PostgreSQL after you add, modify or remove an entry in the pg_hba.conf file.
When a connection is initialized, PostgreSQL will read through the pg_hba.conf one entry at a time, from the top down. As soon a matching record is found, PostgreSQL will stop searching and allow or reject the connection, based on the found entry. If PostgreSQL does not find a matching entry in the pg_hba.conf file, the connection fails completely.
Table-level permissions still apply to a database, even if a user has permissions to connect to the database. If you can connect, but cannot select data from a table, you may want to verify that your connected user has permission to use SELECT on that table.
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