Mysql Union All Operator


This tutorial explains how to use the MySQL UNION ALL operator with syntax and examples.


The MySQL UNION ALL operator is used to combine the result sets of 2 or more SELECT statements. It returns all rows from the query and it does not remove duplicate rows between the various SELECT statements.

Each SELECT statement within the MySQL UNION ALL operator must have the same number of fields in the result sets with similar data types.


The syntax for the UNION ALL operator in MySQL is:

SELECT expression1, expression2, ... expression_n
FROM tables
[WHERE conditions]
SELECT expression1, expression2, ... expression_n
FROM tables
[WHERE conditions];

Parameters or Arguments

expression1, expression2, ... expression_n

The columns or calculations that you wish to retrieve.


The tables that you wish to retrieve records from. There must be at least one table listed in the FROM clause.

WHERE conditions

Optional. The conditions that must be met for the records to be selected.


  • There must be same number of expressions in both SELECT statements.
  • The column names from the first SELECT statement are used as the column names for the result set.

Example - Return single field

The following is an example of the MySQL UNION ALL operator that returns one field from multiple SELECT statements (and both fields have the same data type):

SELECT supplier_id
FROM suppliers
SELECT supplier_id
FROM orders;

This MySQL UNION ALL operator would return a supplier_id multiple times in your result set if the supplier_id appeared in both the suppliers and orders table. The MySQL UNION ALL operator does not remove duplicates. If you wish to remove duplicates, try using the MySQL UNION operator.

Example - Using ORDER BY

The MySQL UNION ALL operator can use the ORDER BY clause to order the results of the operator.

For example:

SELECT supplier_id, supplier_name
FROM suppliers
WHERE state = 'California'
SELECT company_id, company_name
FROM companies
WHERE company_id > 1000

In this MySQL UNION ALL operator, since the column names are different between the two SELECT statements, it is more advantageous to reference the columns in the ORDER BY clause by their position in the result set. In this example, we've sorted the results by supplier_name / company_name in ascending order, as denoted by the ORDER BY 2.

The supplier_name / company_name fields are in position #2 in the result set.