This tutorial explains how to use the MySQL MAX function with syntax and examples.
The MySQL MAX function returns the maximum value of an expression.
The syntax for the MAX function in MySQL is:
OR the syntax for the MAX function when grouping the results by one or more columns is:
Parameters or Arguments
expression1, expression2, ... expression_n
Expressions that are not encapsulated within the MAX function and must be included in the GROUP BY clause at the end of the SQL statement.
This is the column or expression from which the maximum value will be returned.
The tables that you wish to retrieve records from. There must be at least one table listed in the FROM clause.
Optional. These are conditions that must be met for the records to be selected.
The MAX function can be used in the following versions of MySQL:
MySQL 5.7, MySQL 5.6, MySQL 5.5, MySQL 5.1, MySQL 5.0, MySQL 4.1, MySQL 4.0, MySQL 3.23
Example - With Single Expression
Let's look at some MySQL MAX function examples and explore how to use the MAX function in MySQL.
For example, you might wish to know how the maximum salary of all employees.
In this MAX function example, we've aliased the MAX(salary) expression as "Highest Salary". As a result, "Highest Salary" will display as the field name when the result set is returned.
Example - Using GROUP BY
In some cases, you will be required to use the GROUP BY clause with the MAX function.
For example, you could also use the MAX function to return the name of the department and the maximum salary in the department.
Because you have listed one column in your SELECT statement that is not encapsulated in the MAX function, you must use a GROUP BY clause. The department field must, therefore, be listed in the GROUP BY section.